Russia.119361, Moscow, Ozernaya st. 46
+7 (495) 437 56 33

LABORATORY OFGENERATION AND MEASUREMENT OF PARAMETERS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSES

Fundamental and application researches of electromagnetic pulses

Heads

Head of laboratory Dr. Konstantin Yu. Sakharov
D. Sc

Deputy head of laboratory Dr. Vladimir A. Turkin
Ph. D.

 

Research guidelines

Fundamental and application researches of:

  • characterization of impulse electric and magnetic fields propagation through different media, irregular waveguides and transmission lines;
  • impulse electric and magnetic fields effects on technics;
  • novel methods of radio electronic devices effective protection against impulse electromagnetic interference.

The development and modernization of standard facilities for assuring the measurement uniformity of impulse electric and magnetic fields, currents and voltages caused by artificial and natural sources, lightning discharge currents, electrostatic discharges, EM-fields of high-voltage power lines etc. in the time range from picoseconds up to tens of seconds.

Main activities

  • Development and manufacturing of impulse electric and magnetic fields radiators, impulse current and voltage generators (including ones with ultra-short pulse rise time for impulse electromagnetic interference immunity testing of technics);
  • Development and manufacturing of standard reference and working measuring instruments based on strip-line sensors for electromagnetic pulse characterization (including pulses with ultra-short rise time).
  • Producing of systems of impulse EM-fields, currents and voltages high-precision sensors with fiber-optic transmission lines. These systems can be used for immunity tests of electronic devices.
  • Estimation of radio electronic devices and radio components immunity levels against ultra-short electromagnetic radiation.
  • Characterization of transmitters and receivers of ultra-short electromagnetic radiation used in new types of radio communication, radar technique and medicine.
  • EM-fields measurement in industry, telecommunication, geology and mineral prospecting, geodesic and hydrometeorology, health service.
  • Development and modernization of national standards, measurement techniques, program and methods of verification and calibration techniques, equipment certification.
  • Carrying out of tests, verification and calibration of new and approved measuring instruments and certification test equipment.

Main publications

  • Sakharov K.Yu., Mikheev O.V., Sokolov A.A. et al. Approximate calculation methods for pulse radiation of a TEM horn array // IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.- 2001.- Vol. 43.- P. 67-74.
  • Sakharov K.Yu., Mikheev O.V., Sokolov A.A. et al. UWB Sources // 10-th International Crimean Conference “Microwave and Telecommunication Technology”, Crimico, 11-15 September 2000. - Sevastopol, 2000. P. 469-470.
  • Sakharov K.Yu., Mikheev O.V., Sokolov A.A. et al. New method of calculating pulse radiation from an antenna with a reflector // IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.- 1997.- Vol. 39, No. 1.- P. 48-54.
  • Sakharov K.Yu., Mikheev O.V., Sokolov A.A. et al. Pulse radiation of an antenna with a reflector // Thirteenth International Wroclaw Symposium on EMC. - Wroclaw, 1996. P. 102-105
  • Sakharov K.Yu., Sokolov A.A., Svekis Ia. G. et al. Linear Two-Wire Transmission Line Coupling to an External Electromagnetic Field, Part II: Specific Cases, Experiment // IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.- 1995.- Vol. 37, No. 4.- P. 566-574.
  • Podosenov S.A., Svekis Y.G., and Sokolov A.A. Transient radiation of traveling waves by wire antennas // IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.- 1995.- Vol. 37.- P. 367-383.
  • Podosenov S.A., Sokolov A. A. Linear Two-Wire Transmission Line Coupling to an External Electromagnetic Field, Part I: Theory // IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.- 1995.- Vol. 37, No. 4.- P. 559-566.
  • Podosenov S.A., Sokolov A. A. Al'betkov S.V. Exitation of a V-Antenna by a Pulse Electromagnetic Field // IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.- 1996.- Vol. 38, No. 1.- P. 31-42.
  • Podosenov S.A., Sokolov A. A. Al'betkov S.V. Method for Determining the Electric and Magnetic Polarizability of Arbitrarily Shaped Conducting Bodies // IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.- 1997.- Vol. 39, No. 3.- P. 1-10.
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Sokolov A.A., Kravchenko V. F. Possibility of application of UWB short electromagnetic pulses for physical process investigation in inhomogeneous media // Proc. of the First International Workshop on Mathematical Modeling of Physical Processes in Inhomogeneous Media, 20-22 March 2001.- Guanjuato, Mexico, 2001. P. 84-86.
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Mikheev O. V., Sokolov A. A., Turkin V. A. Antennas for beaming and receiving short ultra wideband electromagnetic impulses // Information and Telecommunication Technologies in Intelligent Systems. Proc. of Int. Conf. in Blanes, 22-29 May 2004. - Barcelona, Spain, 2004. P. 37-39.
  • Sakharov K.Yu., Podosenov S.A., Sokolov A.A. Calculation of Energy Evolved in the Loads of Strip Transmission Line in Action of Pulse Electromagnetic Field // Book of Abstracts, Euroem, July 2004.- Magdeburg, 2004.- P. 27.
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Podosenov S. A., Sokolov A. A. Influence of Earth Surface on TEM Horn Array Transient Radiation // Book of Abstracts, Euroem, July 2004.- Magdeburg, 2004. - P. 27-28.
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Sokolov A. A. Test and standard sources of electromagnetic fields // Proc. of the Third International Conference on Ultrawideband and Ultrashort Impulse Signals UWBUSIS, Sevastopol, Ukraine, 18-22 September 2006.- Sevastopol, 2006. - P. 60-65. doi: 10.1109/UWBUS.2006.307159
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Sokolov A. A., Mikheev O.V., Turkin V.A., Aleshko A.I. Radiators of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses // Proc. of the Third International Conference on Ultrawideband and Ultrashort Impulse Signals UWBUSIS, Sevastopol, Ukraine, 18-22 September 2006.- Sevastopol, 2006. - P. 203-205. doi: 10.1109/UWBUS.2006.307203
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Sokolov A. A., Mikheev O.V., Turkin V.A., Aleshko A.I., Dnischenko V.N. Development of standard complex for measuring instruments of pulse electric and magnetic intensities // Proc. of the Third International Conference on Ultrawideband and Ultrashort Impulse Signals UWBUSIS, Sevastopol, Ukraine, 18-22 September 2006.- Sevastopol, 2006. - P. 370-372. doi: 10.1109/UWBUS.2006.307260
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Dobrotvorsky M.I., Mikheev O. V., Turkin V.A., Aleshko A. I., Dnischenko V.N. Measuring instruments of powerful UWB EMP parameters // Proc. of the Third International Conference on Ultrawideband and Ultrashort Impulse Signals UWBUSIS, Sevastopol, Ukraine, 18-22 September 2006.- Sevastopol, 2006. - P. 373-375. doi: 10.1109/UWBUS.2006.307261
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Mikheev O. V., Turkin V.A., Dobrotvorsky M.I., Aleshko A. I. Standard complex for reproduction and transmission of unit sizes of pulse electric and magnetic intensities in ultrashort pulse range // Proc. of the 5 International Conference on Ultrawideband and Ultrashort Impulse Signals, IEEE, Sevastopol, Ukraine, September 6-10, 2010, pp. 254-255.
  • Sakharov K. Yu., Mikheev O. V., Turkin V.A. National Standard of Russian Federation for reproduction and transmission of unit sizes of pulse electric and magnetic intensities in ultrawide band range // Proc. of the 18th High-Power Electromagnetics Conference (HPEM18), EUROEM 2012, IEEE, Toulouse, France, July 2-6, 2012, p. 90.
  • K.Yu. Sakharov, V.A. Turkin, O.V. Mikheev, M. I. Dobrotvorskii, A. V. Sukhov. A Picosecond Pulsed Electric Field Strength Measuring Transducer // Measurement Techniques.- 2014.- Vol. 57, Issue 2. P. 201-205. DOI 10.1007/s11018-014-0431-2.
  • K. Yu. Sakharov, O. V. Mikheev, V. A. Turkin, A. V. Sukhov, A. I. Aleshko, S. V. Tikhomirov. A standard system for producing very-short electromagnetic pulses with a rise time of 20 psec // Measurement techniques. – 2010. – Vol. 53. - No. 7. - P. 809-812.
  • K. Yu. Sakharov, O. V. Mikheev, V. A. Turkin, A. V. Sukhov, A. I. Aleshko. An investigation of the uncertainty in reproducing the units of pulsed electric and magnetic field strengths in a standard system for producing very-short electromagnetic pulses with a rise time of 20 psec // Measurement techniques. - 2010. – Vol. 53. - No. 7. - P. 820-823.

Patents

  • Pat. 2185012 RU, H 01 Q 13/04, H 01 P 5/12. Input device of high-voltage pulses in TEM-horn antenna / K. Yu. Sakharov, O. V. Mikheev, A. A. Sokolov et al. - 2001111370/09; 26.04.2001; publ. 10.07.2002.
  • Pat. 2178947 RU, H 03 K 3/543, H 01 J 25/02. Device for generation of electric voltage pulses / K. Yu. Sakharov, A. A. Sokolov. - 2000128307/09; 14.11.2000; publ. 27.01.2002.
  • Pat. 2149485 RU, Н 01 Р 5/12, 5/19. Pulse coaxial transformer on non-uniform line / K. Yu. Sakharov, A. A. Sokolov, O. V. Mikheev et al. - 99106593/09; 24.03.99; publ. 20.05.2000.
  • Pat. 2136089 RU, H 01 P 3/06. Coaxial line for transmission of high-voltage pulses / K. Yu. Sakharov, A. A. Sokolov, V. A. Turkin. - 98108010/09; 27.04.1998; publ. 27.08.99.
  • Pat. 2013781 RU, G 01 R 29/08. Device for measurement of electromagnetic pulse parameters / K. Yu. Sakharov, Ya. G. Svekis, A. A. Sokolov. - 4932309/09, 29.04.91; publ. 30.05.94.
  • Pat. 2013780 RU, G 01 R 29/08. Device for measurement of electromagnetic pulse parameters / K. Yu. Sakharov, Ya. G. Svekis, A. A. Sokolov. - 4932308/09; 29.04.91; publ. 30.05.94.
  • Pat. 2454762 RU, H 01 Q 13/00. Device for radiation of electromagnetic pulses / K. Yu. Sakharov, O. V. Mikheev, V. A. Turkin, A.V. Sukhov. – 2011116629/07; 27.04.2011; publ. 27.06.2012.
  • Pat. 2468375 RU, G 01 R 29/00. Device for measurement of electromagnetic pulse parameters with ultrashort rise time/ K. Yu. Sakharov, O. V. Mikheev, V. A. Turkin, M. I. Dobrotvorskiy, A.V. Sukhov. – 2011125594/28; 22.06.2011; publ. 27.11.2012.
  • Pat. 146543 RU. K. Yu. Sakharov et al. Measuring shunt. Inventions. Useful models. 2014. No. 28

Standard facilities

National primary special standard facility of unit of lightning discharge impulse current over the range of 1 to 100 kA.

GET 202-2012

The standard facility is used for realisation and store of unit of lightning discharge impulse current over the range of 1 to 100 kA.

National primary special standard facility of units of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths with the pulse rise time up to 20 ps.

GET 178-2010

The standard facility is used for realisation, store and transmission of unit of impulse electric and magnetic fields strengths with the rise time up to 20 ps.

National primary special standard facility of units of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths with the pulse rise time over the range 0.1 – 10.0 ns

GET 148-2013

The standard facility is used for realisation, store and transmission of unit of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths with the pulse rise time over the range of 0.1 to 10.0 ns.

Secondary standard of units of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths of natural and artificial origin “VE EI EMI”

VET 148-5-2013

The standard facility is intended for the realisation and transmission of the units of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths over the microsecond range.

Secondary standard of maximal values of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths

VET 148-1-2007

The standard facility is intended for the realisation and transmission of the units of maximal values of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths. Also the standard facility is used for investigations and verification of measuring instruments of impulse electric and magnetic field strengths. The standard facility generates exponential and step pulses of electric and magnetic field strengths.

Measuring transducer of impulse electric field strength IPPL

State register No 46946-11

Measuring transducer of impulse electric field strength IPPL is used for measurement of electric field pulse parameters over nanosecond and sub-nanosecond ranges. This sensor does not differentiate E-field signal (has flat transient response during the time window) so one can get electric field pulse waveform on oscilloscope without any integration.

Measuring transducers of impulse electric field strength IP-E

State register No 46995-11

Measuring transducer of impulse electric field strength IP-E with fiber-optic link is used for measurement of electric field pulse parameters over nanosecond range.

MeMeasuring system for impulse electromagnetic field monitoring IEMP-0,1/1000

State register No 46946-11, 46995-11, 32618-06

This system is intended for monitoring of electromagnetic fields during tests for EMC compliance.

Measuring system for the impulse electromagnetic fields monitoring IEMP-0,1/150

State register No 22089-06, 46995-11

This system is intended for monitoring of electromagnetic fields during tests for EMC compliance over the time range of 1 to 150 ns.

Measuring transducer of impulse magnetic fields of high-voltage power lines IP EMP VLEP

State register No 35161-09

Measuring transducer is used for measurement of impulse magnetic field parameters.

Measuring transducer of impulse magnetic fields of wiping stations (ship degaussing) IP EMP SBRK

State register No 46193-10

Measuring transducer is used for measurement of impulse magnetic field parameters.

Measuring systems for metrological assurance of technics tests for impact of lightning and electrostatic discharge current pulses

Measuring transducer of lightning discharge current pulses IP GR – 120

State register No 27810-04

This device is intended for measuring the impulse current in the simulating facilities of lightning discharge.

Measuring transducer of electrostatic discharge current pulses of IP ER-400

State register No 27811-04

This device is intended for measuring the impulse current in the simulating facilities of electrostatic discharge. Measuring transducer has built-in calibration generator, which allows taking into account fiber-optic line connection errors.

Measuring data system

State register No 22097-01

Information and measurement systems are intended for measurement of impulse electric and magnetic fields, currents and voltages. Also, these systems are used for automatic monitoring and characterization of electromagnetic environment (including radio and conductive interference). Finally, these systems allow measuring inducted currents and liberated energies in critical circuits of electronic devices under test. All systems have transportable modifications and could be carried out by different types of vehicles (car, truck, helicopter etc.).

Radiator of ultra-short electromagnetic pulses based on TEM-horn array

This device designed for direct radiation of ultra-short electromagnetic pulses. It could be used for calibration of measuring instruments and for electronic devices immunity testing. Radiator includes generator of ultra-short voltage pulses, array of TEM-horns, high-voltage coaxial feeder and antenna tripod.